Group members rely on safe, patterned behavior and look to the group leader for guidance and direction. Group members have a desire for acceptance by the group and a need to be know that the group is safe. They set about gathering impressions and data about the similarities and differences among them and forming preferences for future subgrouping.

It can be a petty clash of personality or an incompatibility in communication styles. Or it could be something more serious, such as a disagreement about the team’s goals. It could even exhibit itself as one team member accusing another of not pulling their weight in the project. Finally, one group member makes humorous comments at unhelpful times, which upsets the momentum of the discussion. These are classic examples of poor group dynamics, and they can undermine the success of a project, as well as people’s morale and engagement.

The norming stage of team development is when the team begins to demonstrate team skills and to work as a cohesive group. But you can’t get there without going through the forming-storming-norming stages. Keeping your thumb on the pulse of your team will help you identify when confusion and miscommunication are impacting team performance and the overall team dynamic. View these challenges as opportunities to better align the team with your goals and vision.


Use this exercise at the end of a project or program as a way to reinforce learnings, celebrate highlights and create closure. You can foster the empathetic capacity of participants to “walk in the shoes” of others. Many situations do not have immediate answers or clear resolutions. Recognizing these situations and responding with empathy can improve the “cultural climate” and build trust among group members. HSR helps individuals learn to respond in ways that do not overpromise or overcontrol. It helps members of a group notice unwanted patterns and work together on shifting to more productive interactions.

American organizational psychologist Bruce Tuckman proposed a four-stage map of group evolution, known as the Forming-Storming-Norming-Performing Model . For instance, if the team developed a new work process to improve the customer experience, one of its team members may now have responsibility for overseeing that new and improved process. This stage can also mean a change in an employee’s job responsibilities and expectations.

It assumes that authentic feelings and emotions derive from the direct experiences we encounter. This internal data from feelings, emotions, and associations is just as real as the externally observable data, and must be seriously considered in our decision making . The only thing left to do once you have completed the three steps above is to bring your audience into your giving story through your social channels and marketing efforts. When customers know that your giving efforts are authentic and driven from a place of generosity they find a connection with your brand.

in the performing stage of group development, members

It can be contentious, unpleasant and even painful to members of the team who are averse to conflict. Tolerance of each team members and their differences needs to be emphasized. This phase can become destructive to the team and will lower motivation if allowed to get out of control.

Find Time To Reflect And Collect Learning Points

Performing is the stage when the team has come together as a group and is operating at a high level of efficiency and accomplishing the task it was charged with. This is when team members begin to feel comfortable with each other, learns how each operates in a team environment – and begin to share ideas and debate issues. Building strong teams is important because it fosters a healthy environment, where team members feel involved in how work gets done and valued as a member of the team.

As the group starts to familiarise themselves, roles and responsibilities will begin to form. It is vital for team members to develop relationships and understand what part each person plays. Understanding why sometimes your team are ‘rockstars’ and other times pushing boundaries and your buttons.

  • Because there is a high degree of unfamiliarity among team members there is high uncertainty and low conflict.
  • Adjourning involves completing the task and breaking up the team.
  • Hold the involved team members accountable for living up to their end of the resolution and for delivering on all steps in the action plan.
  • Thanks to a better understanding of each other’s abilities, team members are able to work better together.
  • The next stage, which Tuckman calls Storming, is characterized by competition and conflict.

When members begin to know-and identify with-one another, the level of trust in their personal relations contributes to the development of group cohesion. It is during this stage of development that people begin to experience a sense of group belonging and a feeling of relief as a result of resolving interpersonal conflicts. Teams face many challenges on their journey in order to deliver on their commitments. Once norms are established and the team is functioning as a unit, it enters the performing stage. By now team members work together easily on interdependent tasks and are able to communicate and coordinate effectively.

The best approach is the direct approach to eliminate the conflict before irreparable damage is done to the team. When a conflict is ignored, team members have a chance to choose sides and create cliques. As soon as the leader becomes aware of conflict within the team, it must be addressed immediately. This is about completion and disengagement, both from the tasks and the group members. Individuals will be proud of having achieved much and glad to have been part of such an enjoyable group. They need to recognize what they’ve done, and consciously move on.

What Is The Meaning Of Performing Stage?

Many work groups live in the comfort of Norming, and are fearful of moving back into Storming, or forward into Performing. This will govern their behavior towards each other, and especially their reaction to change. Members attempt to become oriented to the tasks as well as to one another.

Some will observe that it’s good to be getting into the real issues, whilst others will wish to remain in the comfort and security of stage 1. Depending on the culture of the organization and individuals, the conflict will be more or less suppressed, but it’ll be there, under the surface. To deal with the conflict, individuals may feel they are winning or losing battles, and will look for structural clarity and rules to prevent the conflict persisting.

After going around the circle, invite each person to share which comment they liked the most. By sharing what everyone values about each other, you can build self-confidence and team bonds that can help the group move from Norming to Performing effectively. An ineffective team is conflict-ridden, filled with distrust, unfocused, and reeking of negative competition.

Tuckman’s Stages Of Group Development

The main goals of the Adjourning stage are to achieve closure and end on a positive note. Group members need time to reflect on their individual participation and growth. The first step in a team’s life is bringing together a group of individuals. Individuals focus on defining and assigning tasks, establishing a schedule, organizing the team’s work, and other startup matters. In addition to focusing on the scope of the team’s purpose and how to approach it, individuals in the formation stage are also gathering information and impressions about each other. Since people generally want to be accepted by others, during this period they usually avoid conflict and disagreement.

The storming stage is the most difficult and critical stage to pass through. It is a period marked by conflict and competition as individual personalities emerge. Team performance may actually decrease in this stage because energy is put into unproductive activities. Members may disagree on team goals, and subgroups and cliques may form around strong personalities or areas of agreement. To get through this stage, members must work to overcome obstacles, to accept individual differences, and to work through conflicting ideas on team tasks and goals. School leadership teams in this stage know how to run their teacher- powered school.

in the performing stage of group development, members

A highly functioning team requires the development of team members as well as the team as a whole. Making the decision to study can be a big step, which is why you’ll in the performing stage of group development, members want a trusted University. The Open University has 50 years’ experience delivering flexible learning and 170,000 students are studying with us right now.

If there are any hidden agendas, they will typically be exposed as team members solidify team norms. Psychologist Bruce Tuckman first came up with the descriptors “Forming, Storming, Norming and Performing” back in 1965 to describe the growth stages of teams. There is value in reviewing these descriptors and the leader’s role at each stage of the team development in order to understand the complexity of creating and managing high-performing teams.

This requires leaders and other group members to be sensitive, respectful, and compassionate. This allows for the creation of rules of common understanding or Norms for how the group will operate. This generally means that they become more argumentative and demonstrate where they truly stand on positions. This generally results in conflicting points of view, values, and preferences for task accomplishment.

Surface And Analyze Problems And Opportunities Effectively

An activity to support a group to get to know each other through a set of questions that they create themselves. The activity gets participants moving around and meeting each other one-on-one. It’s useful in the early stages of team development and/or for groups to reconnect with each other after a period of time apart. In this stage success occurs and the team has all the resources to meet their objectives.

Norms result from the interaction of team members during the development process. Initially, during the forming and storming stages, norms focus on expectations for attendance and commitment. Later, during the norming and performing stages, norms focus on relationships and levels of performance. Performance norms are very important because they define the level of work effort and standards that determine the success of the team.

Five Stages Of Group Development

Working with the charity to provide the help they need most, while still ensuring that your company can maximize any tax incentives is still important to the bottom line. For example, supporting Planned Parenthood could be considered controversial by those who are pro-life. So, in addition to the work tasks, all the other activities related to the functioning of the team need to be divided out and assigned. I use Bus Trip at the end of a training session or a meeting, and I use it all the time. The game creates a massive amount of energy with lots of smiles, laughs, and sometimes even a teardrop or two. As with any aspect of teamwork, it can be easy to fall into a pattern and not consider how you might improve your process until it becomes a problem.

Module 8: Groups, Teams, And Teamwork

We encourage all teacher-powered teams to see themselves not just as leaders of their own schools but as transforming forces of teaching and learning. Team training and development are key to strengthening teams so they are equiped to accomplish organizational goals. This is typically the most conflictive stage of team development. Deborah K. Zmorenski, MBA, is the co-owner and senior partner of Leader’s Strategic Advantage Inc., an Orlando, Fla.-based consulting firm. She is a recipient of “Partners In Excellence,” Disney’s most prestigious corporate award. For more than five years, she was a senior facilitator and content specialist with the Disney Institute.

Helter Skelter: Storming Builds Team Connections

The major benefit of this stage is that it allows individuals to be authentic and express their true opinions. This can be an effective environment for the presentation of diverse ideas and creativity. Roles and processes expand to include giving support to and learning more about teacher-powered school community. This is when the team is at optimal performance and is able to accomplish tasks quickly because members flow through the process.

The leader’s role is to determine which phase team members and the team are at, and adapt interactions and instructions accordingly. As new tasks arise, groups may still experience a few conflicts. If you’ve already dealt with disagreement before, it will probably be more comfortable to address this time.